who won the battle of plataea

Thucydides writes, "it was mainly the violence of the storm that enabled them to effect their escape at all.". He says that "the treaty had now been broken by an overt act after the affair at Plataea" and that "Athens and Lacedaemon now resolved to send embassies to the King and to such other of the barbarian powers as either party could look to for assistance.". Persian archery also prevented the Greeks from reaching the river, so they were now cut off from their supply of water, as well as from their food supplies. Assassinations in History People in History M The Greeks then turned their attention to Thebes which was attacked and sacked. People in History N - O While Artabazus' men retreated back to Asia, the Greek army began efforts to capture Thebes as punishment for joining with the Persians. Sitemap 05   Sitemap 06   Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? What is the rising action of faith love and dr lazaro? At the beginning of the conflict, the Thebans attacked the city of Plataea, an Athenian ally on the border between Boeotia and Attica. All Rights Reserved. By the first years of the 5th century BCE, Persia, under the rule of Darius I (r. 522-486 BCE), was already expanding into mainland Europe and had subjugated Thrace and Macedonia. Become a Study.com member to unlock this Herodotus also numbers the non-hoplite forces which are (conveniently) exactly the same as the number of hoplites each city provided. Fought in 479 B.C, this Battle was the second one between the Greeks and the Persians. Overall command was now taken by Mardonius, the son-in-law and nephew of Darius and cousin of Xerxes. There is a link to an article below for more information. The Athenians also sent a force to relieve Plataea. Page, Back to According to Thucydides, an armed force of 300 Thebans commanded by two leading Theban generals were admitted after dark on a stormy moonless night into Plataea by two private citizens who expected the Theban force to immediately capture and kill the democratic leaders and bring Plataea into alliance with Thebes. In addition, he ordered a series of cavalry attacks in an attempt to lure the Greeks off the high ground. Cartwright, M. (2013, May 11). In one of the rare instances in which both women and slaves took part in what amounted to warfare, the citizenry killed over half the 300 Thebans. People in History T Troublemakers Artists The victory ensured the continued independence of their city-states and permitted an astonishingly rich period of artistic and cultural endeavour to begin which would lay the cultural foundations of all future Western civilizations. Battles 1900 - Today, Picture Archive Ancient History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.ancient.eu/Plataea/. In 480 BC, a large Persian army led by Xerxes invaded Greece. Instead, he sought to force the Greeks from the heights by attacking their supply lines. The Wild West Copyright © 2020 Multiply Media, LLC. Concerned that the victorious Greeks would sail north and destroy the pontoon bridges he had built over the Hellespont, Xerxes withdrew to Asia with the bulk of his men. Wars & Research Even more significantly, Mardonius was felled by a rock thrown by the Spartan Arimnestus and killed. Following up their naval victory at the Battle of Salamis in September 480 BCE against the same enemy, the Greeks again defeated an invading army sent by the Persian ruler Xerxes I (r. 486-465 BCE), this time thanks to their hoplite warriors. The invading Persians fought against the Greeks. Dictionary A - F The conspicuous worship of Hera at Plataea continued long past the end of the war. Kennedy Hickman is a historian, museum director, and curator who specializes in military and naval history. Popes Though briefly checked during the opening phases of the Battle of Thermopylae in August, he eventually won the engagement and swept through Boeotia and Attica capturing Athens. BATTLE OF PLATAEA. In a long fight, the Greeks began to gain the advantage. Once in position, everybody waited. License. Yet, when the Plataean prisoners were brought before the judges, no trial was held; no chance for apology was offered. Philosophers Poets, Writers &

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