After his abdication as King of Spain he lived for a time in New York City, Philadelphia and Bordertown, N.J. before returning to Italy. Mailliard family. She would commission Canova to create a sculpture and the result would be Dancer with Hands on Hips. In the area of painters she mainly was a collector of paintings but she was painted by and worked with several artists such as Jacques-Louis David and Francois Gerard. Joseph Bonaparte, King of Spain, 1768-1844. The coronation ceremony, officiated by Pope Pius VII, took place at Notre Dame de Paris, on 2 December 1804. Mary Ann Phelps Montgomery collection, 1746-1939 (inclusive). Before departure, however, Napoleon decided to remain in France, as did Joseph's wife, Julie, whose poor health prevented her from traveling with her husband. Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. Josephine became the mistress of Paul Barras, a former revolutionary leader who had played a prominent role in toppling Robespierre. Belliard, Augustin Daniel, comte, 1769-1832. Napoleon began to create lists of eligible princesses. Her marriage soon turned into a calamity. Letter, 1825 Aug. 7. At dinner on 30 November 1809, he let Joséphine know that — in the interest of France — he must find a wife who could produce an heir. Autograph letters signed (3) : Lunéville, Paris and [n.p. Between in 1799 and 1804, Josephine went from being the wife of the nation's dictator—Napoleon took the successive titles of First Consul and Consul for Life—to becoming France's empress. While Josephine languished in Paris, her husband made himself master of much of the Continent. (Unknown). Madame de Beauharnais had affairs with several leading political figures, including Paul François Jean Nicolas Barras. Alexandre abandoned his family for over a year in a brief tryst and often frequented whorehouses, leading to a court-ordered separation during which Josephine and the children lived at Alexandre's expense in the Pentemont Abbey, run by a group of Bernardian nuns. In 1804, he said, "Power is my mistress. Collection, 1711-1868. Samoyault, Jean-Pierre. The Revolution that broke out in France in 1789 began by limiting the power of the French monarchy and ending the privileges of the aristocracy. After Josephine's death in 1814 the house was vacant at times, the garden and house ransacked and vandalised, and the garden's remains were destroyed in a battle in 1870. . The misnomer "Joséphine de Beauharnais" first emerged during the restoration of the Bourbons, who were hesitant to refer to her by either Napoleon's surname or her Imperial title and settled instead on the surname of her late first husband. Documents concerning social, legal and economic matters in Spain : manuscript, 1567-1833. The birth of a daughter, Hortense de Beauharnais , in 1783, actually worsened the marriage. For instance, R. alba incarnata became "Cuisse de Nymphe Emue" in her garden. In her life before Napoleon, the woman now known as Joséphine went by the name of Rose, or Marie-Rose, Tascher de la Pagerie, later de Beauharnais, and she sometimes reverted to using her maiden-name of Tascher de la Pagerie in later life. Miscellaneous manuscripts: A-F, 1767-1981. Amongst others the late Sir John Jeremie appears to have been strongly pressed with the idea. Resident of Bordentown, N.J., from 1817 to 1832. Her husband was accused of having poorly defended Mainz in July 1793, and being considered an aristocratic "suspect", was sentenced to death and guillotined, with his cousin Augustin, on 23 July 1794, on the Place de la Révolution (today's Place de la Concorde) in Paris. The two architects worked within many of the Empire's residences, creating spaces for the Empress to feel at home in. Walsh, Robert, 1784-1859. Letters of Robert Walsh [manuscript], 1831-1844. 1781, who marriedAmalie Auguste [1788–1851]); Hortense de Beauharnais (1783–1837). [1806-1824] (Smith College). She was the eldest of three daughters of Joseph-Gaspard Tascher de la Pagerie, whose father had come to Martinique in 1726 to make his fortune. (Unknown). Autograph letter signed "Joseph, Cte. These pieces were unique for the time and appreciated for their creativity. Napoleon completed his victorious campaigns in Italy and left in May 1798 to seek new laurels in Egypt. Eventually, however, through the efforts of her daughter Hortense, the two were reconciled. In a brief dinner meeting in Paris on November 30, Napoleon informed Josephine that political factors dictated that their marriage must end. Manuscripts and Archives Division. This painting would become a big part of Napoleon's propaganda and iconography. She was a woman in every sense of the word, vivid, vivacious, and so tender-hearted. Considering Joséphine as too close to the counter-revolutionary financial circles, the Committee ordered her arrest on 18 April 1794. In 1804, in a glittering ceremony at the Cathedral of Notre Dame in Paris, he crowned himself emperor, then placed the crown of empress on the head of his wife, Josephine. The often stormy relationship between the attractive aristocrat, then 31 years of age, and the military hero six years her junior, began in the winter of 1795–96. Institute of Museum and Library Services  She was praised for her elegance, style, and low, "silvery", beautifully modulated voice.. Józef Bonaparte (król Hiszpanii ; 1768-1844). She worked closely with sculptors, painters and interior decorators to establish a unique Consular style at the Château de Malmaison that is well known. In its first several years, it was marked by Napoleon's passionate desire for Josephine and her measured response to his devotion. Bechtel, Edwin de Turk. Darlas Delomel and M. Martin Raphael who were among Josephine's playmates at Morne Paix Bouche. Throughout her adult life, from her marriage to Beauharnais to her death, Josephine lived extravagantly whether or not she had the income to match her expenses. She was also drawn to artists and styles that were not widely used in her time, searching for artists that challenged the accepted standards. Joséphine was freed five days later, thanks to the fall and execution of Robespierre, which ended the Reign of Terror. Napoleon made Joseph King of Naples (1806-1808) and then King of Spain (1808-1813).
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