He became king at the age of 9 when his father died. After the nine-day reign of Lady Jane Grey, his Catholic half-sister Mary became queen of England and the country went through another period of religious changes. Henry VIII married six times but it was his first three marriages that each produced a future monarch. The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Henry's desperation for a son had led him to divorce two wives, but Edward's mother, Henry's third wife Jane Seymour, died a few days after his birth. For the first two-and-a-half years of Edward's reign, Lord Somerset advised and guided the young king. This page was last changed on 6 October 2020, at 02:41. However, this was disputed after his death; Jane was deposed by Mary within 13 days. He had two advisers (or regents). © Both men wanted major changes made to the Church of England. Edward VI, the only legitimate son of Henry VIII by his third wife, Jane Seymour, was born at Hampton Court Palace, after a difficult and protracted labour, on 12th October, 1537. Edward VI reigned 1547-1553 Early Years. His short reign was dominated by nobles using the Regency to strengthen their own positions.  Ia adalah putra dari Henry VIII dan Jane Seymour, Edward adalah raja ketiga dari Dinasti Tudor dan raja Inggris pertama yang beragama Protestan. With wife number three, Jane Seymour, who was a lady-in-waiting at court, Henry had his first and last son, Edward, born on 12 October 1537 CE i… When their father died, Edward's half-sister Elizabeth was 13 years old. Although he was intellectually precocious (fluent in Greek and Latin, he kept a full journal of his reign), he was not, however, physically robust. Edward died on 6 July 1553. Edward was king of England for only a few years, and died at 15, but his short reign saw the full-scale introduction of Protestantism. Halaman ini terakhir diubah pada 4 Februari 2019, pukul 08.11. Most of the major changes to the Church of England happened during Edward's reign. From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Edward_VI_of_England&oldid=7134242, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. The Norfolk rebellion was suppressed by John Dudley, Earl of Warwick. With Catherine of Aragon (1485-1536 CE), Henry had a daughter, Mary (b. Feb. 1516 CE). His mother died 12 days after his birth. Mary I reversed Edward's Protestant reforms, which nonetheless became the basis of the Elizabethan Religious Settlement of 1559. Edward was born on 12 October 1537 at Hampton Court Palace, the only legitimate son of Henry VIII. Britannica Quiz Kings of England Priests did not have to dress in the bright clothing associated with the Catholic Church and under Edward. Edward became king at the age of nine, when his father died in January 1547. Altars were turned into tables, religious imagery destroyed and religious orthodoxy was enforced by a new and more stringent Act of Uniformity. All of these changes were a major break from the traditions of the Catholic Church. Edward was given a rigorous education and was intellectually precocious, although his health was never strong. Catholic churches were rich in decorations and colour. Although Dudley, later duke of Northumberland, never took the title of protector, this is the role he now assumed. Ia adalah putra dari Henry VIII dan Jane Seymour, Edward adalah raja ketiga dari Dinasti Tudor dan raja Inggris pertama yang beragama Protestan. Northumberland was determined that his religious reforms should not be undone, so he persuaded Edward to approve a new order of succession. They became known as Protestant, and England under Edward, became a Protestant country with an independent Church of England. This declared Mary illegitimate and passed the throne to Northumberland's daughter-in-law, Lady Jane Grey, who was a more distant descendant of Henry VIII. Kett's Rebellion in Norfolk was focused on economic and social injustices. Edward VI Edward VI, (born October 12, 1537, London, England—died July 6, 1553, London), king of England and Ireland from 1547 to 1553. This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets (CSS) enabled. He died when he was 15 and a half years old. In parts of Germany and Switzerland, religious groups had also broken away in protest against the wealth and corruption of the Catholic Church. Edward VI (12 October 1537 – 6 July 1553) was King of England and Ireland, from 28 January 1547, until his death on 6 July 1553. Despite being the youngest, Edward was the heir apparent because he was male. Now under Edward, stained glass windows and icons were removed from churches; the furniture within churches became very basic and plain. He was the son of King Henry VIIIby his wife, Jane Seymour, who died twelve days afterwards from puerperal fever. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so. Archbishop Thomas Cranmer wrote the Book of Common Prayer also in English. Read more. As a result of their advice and his beliefs, Edward's reign is mainly remembered for the changes made to religion while he was king. When his half-sister Elizabeth I ascended to the throne in 1558, her religious … Laws were passed to make churches more plain. He became king at the age of 9 when his father died. This was an attempt to prevent the country returning to Catholicism. His other half sister, Mary was 31. However, Jane was only queen for a few days until, with overwhelming popular support, Mary took the throne. In the summer of 1549, peasants in the West Country revolted in protest against the Prayer Book. With Anne Boleyn (c. 1501-1536 CE), there was another daughter, Elizabeth (b. Sep. 1533 CE). It soon became clear that Edward was suffering from tuberculosis and would not live long. Edward was the son of Henry VIII of England and Jane Seymour. Read more. Edward automatically became Duke of Cornwall upon his birth; a few days later he was … Protestant reform was stepped up - the new Prayer Book of 1552 was avowedly Protestant. His successor was his cousin, Lady Jane Grey. They were also allowed to marry. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. His father had arranged that a council of regency should rule on his behalf, but Edward's uncle, Edward Seymour, Duke of Somerset, took power and established himself as protector. When their father died, Edward's half-sister Elizabeth was 13 years old.
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