armadillo species


Shape The World. The creature inhabits the Amazon rain forest, grasslands and woodlands. Family Dasypodidae: Armadillos. The membrane bones of the skull, the mandible (lower jaw), and the clavicles (collarbones) are the remaining vestiges of dermal…, …develop leprosy in nature are New World armadillos and African primates. Order Cingulata (Formerly Xenarthra): Armadillos, sloths & anteaters. The southern species (Cabassous unicinctus) is found east of the Andes Mountains, in Venezuela and Brazil. Dasypodidae is the only family in the mammalian order Cingulata of the magnorder Xenarthra, which also includes sloths and anteaters. The three species called hairy armadillos have white to light brown hair that covers their legs and undersides and sticks out from spaces in their shell. "Armadillo" is a Spanish word that translates to "little armored one," a fitting description for the 20 or so species of mammals that have flexible carapaces -- hard bony exterior plates -- for protection. Chacoan naked-tail armadillos (Cabassous chacoensis) live in the Gran Chaco region. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The smallest is the pink fairy armadillo, which is about 6 inches (15 centimeters) long. A burrow-digger despite its size, the giant armadillo eats termites and ants. There are 21 species of armadillo, according to the Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). Both measure approximately 10.5 inches. The only armadillos that can roll their bodies into tight balls are the two species of three-banded armadillos. To help make sure every visitor can find what he or she is looking for, the armadillo groups on this website are linked both by common name and by scientific name, here and in the navigation menu at the top of each page. Southern three-banded armadillos (Tolypeutes matacus) are found in grassy areas in the Gran Chaco regions of Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay and Argentina. Associated with the evolutionary tendency toward elaboration of epidermal extensions in birds and mammals, there has been a corresponding reduction in dermal derivatives. The exception is the hairy long-nosed armadillo (Dasypus pilosus) of the southwestern Peruvian mountains. The little hairy armadillo (Chaetophractus vellerosus), sometimes called the screaming hairy armadillo because of the sound it produces when it perceives danger, lives in semi-arid areas in western Bolivia, Paraguay and central Argentina. Genus Calyptophractus: Greater fairy armadillo. The nine-banded armadillo is one of seven species in the genus Dasypus, all but one of whose members have elongated snouts and barely any hair. It occurs from the southeastern United States to Peru and Uruguay, and on the Caribbean islands of Grenada, Trinidad and Tobago. Scientists use a set of rules to name all living things, based upon the relationship between the organisms. You may also click the name of a genus to browse the information on the species included. It is native to central Argentina, where it inhabits dry regions with cactus growth. The science of naming organisms is known as taxonomy. A nearly complete skeleton of an even larger species, dating from the Pleistocene Epoch (about 2.6 million to 11,700 years ago), was found in Texas. It is not certain whether pre-Columbian humans contributed to this armadillo’s extinction. The omnivores feed primarily on insects, which they consume with the help of their sticky tongues. At approximately 39 inches long and 132 pounds, the elusive giant armadillo (Priodontes maximus) is the largest armadillo. Special Characteristics of Armadillo Skin. PART OF WILD SKY MEDIA | FAMILY & PARENTING, Defenders of Wildlife / Kids' Planet - Giant Armadillo, University of Michigan Museum of Zoology: Priodontes maximus, National Wildlife Federation: Nine-Banded Armadillo, Oregon Zoo: Southern Three-Banded Armadillo, IUCN: Goal Scored for Armadillo Conservation, University of Michigan Museum of Zoology: Cabassous Tatouay. Its range encompasses parts of Venezuela, the Guianas, Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina. She holds a B.A. The following phylogenetic tree is shared by all armadillos. Giant armadillos are the largest species, and are about 5 feet (1.5 meters) long, according to National Geographic. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Extinct relatives of today’s armadillos included a 2-metre (6.6-foot), 230-kg (500-pound) beast that roamed Florida as recently as 10,000 years ago. There are four species: greater, Chacoan, northern and southern. (We can't help it - it's how we were trained!) Uruguay and parts of Paraguay, Brazil and northern Argentina are home to the greater naked-tail armadillo (Cabassous tatouay). Genus Cabassous: Naked-tailed armadillos Each set of photos is linked back to the Species page for that armadillo. The pink fairy armadillo (Chlamyphorus truncatus), the smallest species, is no longer than 5 inches. The only armadillo whose range extends into the United States is the nine-banded or long-nosed armadillo (Dasypus novemcinctus), which actually has anywhere from seven to 11 armor bands. Be Her Village. This site is no different, but I do recognize that the names of individual armadillo species are probably meaningless to many of my visitors. The northern naked-tail armadillo (Cabassous centralis) occurs in Central America, from a small portion of southern Mexico to Colombia and Venezuela. Most of the 20 species inhabit open areas, such as grasslands, but some also live in forests. The extinct glyptodonts were prehistoric and often massive armadillos with a single unjointed carapace. in American Studies from Columbia University and lives in Queens with her two cats. A speedy burrower, the fairy armadillo has a predilection for ants and their larvae but will also consume worms, snails and plant matter. Both sets of links will take you to the same place. Empower Her. Pink fairy armadillo (Chlamyphorus truncatus) * Subfamily Dasypodinae. Greater fairy armadillo (Calyptophractus retusus) * Genus Chlamyphorus: Pink fairy armadillo. © 2020 WILD SKY MEDIA. …only a single living mammal—the armadillo—displays them. Since beginning her career as a professional journalist in 2007, Nathalie Alonso has covered a myriad of topics, including arts, culture and travel, for newspapers and magazines in New York City. Some armadillos are very small, while others are huge. Armadillo is a Spanish word meaning “little armored one” and refers to the bony plates that cover the back, head, legs, and tail of most of these odd looking creatures. Species of the genus Cabassous are known as the naked tail-armadillos because they lack bony plates on their tails. Large hairy armadillos (Chaetophractus villosus) inhabit the Gran Chaco areas of Bolivia, Paraguay and Argentina.

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